Part 1 Generative AI special report: evaluating the risk vs rewards

One cannot blame executives and managers for getting excited about the Generative AI revolution. At a glance, here is a transformative technology that has the potential to add enormous value to organisations of every size, industry and type. Applications such as ChatGPT, GitHub Copilot and Stable Diffusion have seen Generative AI cross the divide from tech oddity to mainstream wonder and its ability to perform routine tasks in mere seconds understandably has organisations rushing to incorporate the technology into their own operations.
Generative AI special report (Part 1): evaluating the risk vs rewards

Amid all the noise and hype though, a word of caution. Generative AI may sound like the greatest innovation to hit the market in decades but organisations need to tread carefully as there is still much confusion and lack of context for how to best embrace it.

 

There is also the added complexity of how quickly the technology is developing. ChatGPT was released in November 2022, racking up 1 million users in only five days1, but within four months Open AI had released a new model – GPT-4 – with markedly improved capabilities2. On a similar note, Anthropic’s Claude could process about 9,000 tokens of text per minute when it launched in March but just two months later was doing so for 100,000 tokens, equal to about 75,000 words3.

Many organisations have already conducted compelling generative AI pilots but business leaders have considerable challenges to address before realising the full benefits of Generative AI. At the top of this list is managing the risks inherent in a technology that is unlike any other.

Evolution of Generative AI-Desktop
Evolution of Generative AI-Mobile

Source: Generative AI Will Take the Corporate World to the Next Level (bbntimes.com)

Consumer use vs enterprise use

As customer experience specialists, our firm was recently exposed to a company that was desperate to rush generative AI into its customer service offering. Having got swept up in the hype surrounding ChatGPT and other solutions, its managers were adamant it would be a one-way ticket to increased productivity and improved efficiency for agents and customers alike.

Then we raised a couple of areas that challenged their thinking. 

Firstly, there is a big difference between using Generative AI for basic, low-risk tasks and applying it at an enterprise level. The probabilistic nature of Generative AI means answers can be inconsistent and unpredictable, which may be acceptable in standard consumer use, such as checking a store’s opening hours. 

However, if a bank or financial provider is using Generative AI to respond to queries about policies or new products, there is no room for error. At an enterprise level, there is a need for information to be 100% correct, and in these cases, Generative AI may not be the right solution. Our Gen AI focus currently concentrates more in the area of agent assistance, where outcomes of the models are still validated by humans, as we believe direct to customer use-cases are not yet ready for full implementation. 

The unique evolution of generative AI is another reason organisations are struggling to identify its best use. In the past, technology creation and adoption has emerged from larger enterprises such as government or private ventures before being transferred to small- and medium-sized businesses and then the consumer.

Generative AI has taken the opposite route, starting at the consumer level, on to small business and finally into large enterprises and government departments, which are now struggling to understand how to ‘monetise’ the technology.

P_Web_Generative AI Market

Source: The Dawn of Generative AI: A Threat to Creatives or a Boon? (wowmakers.com)

Learned behaviour

If that was not enough to deal with, it is important to understand another factor that makes Generative AI such a unique beast. Unlike traditional technology (or even the other AI that is programmed with known inputs and outputs), Generative AI is a deep learning model largely trained on publicly available data. Despite its controls and guardrails, it lacks the explainability of outcomes that businesses demand in customer-facing applications.

While it is all well and good to be caught in the hype and executives feel pressure to deliver on Generative AI’s potential, the truth is we don’t fully understand the models at the heart of the technology. 

Even Google doesn’t fully understand how they make decisions. The scientists don’t. No one truly does and while that may be acceptable when using it in a consumer sense (eg: ChatGPT summarising information for an assignment), alarm bells should be ringing if governments or companies are relying on it to inform or make decisions about critical services.

Summary

On one hand, it is understandable that the commoditisation of Generative AI is happening extremely quickly. There is no doubt AI will transform business models, societies, communities and individuals’ lives during the next decade and for executives under budget pressures, there is a lot to like about a technology that promises to remove costs and disrupt the traditional area of customer service and operations

On the flipside though, those same leaders need to appreciate that the implications of not understanding how and why Generative AI is different to other technologies creates considerable risk. The ChatGPT website openly highlights that the tool “may produce inaccurate information about people, places or facts”4. Governments and enterprises do not get the luxury of dismissing errors with a one-line disclaimer. The risks associated with making mistakes are significant and the potential fallout is likely to be of a far greater magnitude than any benefits that may be realised.

In addition to changes in customer interactions and service, Generative AI’s greatest potential may lie in productivity. In particular, we see a huge potential for lowering the barriers of entry to accessing specialised knowledge and outsourcing learning to the domains of the large language models.

Ultimately, organisations need to temper their excitement for Generative AI with the reality that without a comprehensive awareness of the broader risks and implications, there is potential to waste a lot of money on projects that aren’t able to be fully implemented and concepts where risk outweighs return. As we will explore in an upcoming blog, the onus is on them to avoid the Generative AI ‘sugar hit’.

Global events have created one of the most exciting but unpredictable eras the technology industry has witnessed. Learn how six key digital transformation trends can help your business drive growth and innovation.

About the Author

Jon Stone is a seasoned digital and data leader with a strong record of leading large-scale transformations across multiple regions. With more than 20 years of experience in consulting and technology firms, he is passionate about collaborating with clients to deliver innovative digital and data solutions that enhance CX and optimise core processes.

Reference:
[1] ChatGPT hit 1 million users in 5 days: Here’s how long it took others to reach that milestone | Technology News - The Indian Express
[2] What the New GPT-4 AI Can Do - Scientific American
[3] Anthropic \ Introducing 100K Context Windows
[4] ChatGPT (openai.com)

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